The fruits of two different species of plants are commonly called loquats, the first being a fruit tree of central European origin, the Mespilus germanica, with brown fruits, with autumn ripening; the other is a plant of Central Asian origin, now widespread in most of the globe, the eriobotrya japonica, with orange fruits, which ripen in early spring. The reason why both fruits share the same common name is quite obscure, since the plants do not look alike at all, not belonging to the same family, and the fruits do not look alike, if not perhaps slightly in the aroma given off by the pulp .
Let's start with the most forgotten plant to describe its cultivation; in fact it is an autochthonous European plant, therefore in Italy it should not have particular needs, even if in fact it is more suitable for cultivation in the central north, while in the south it happens that it is ruined by the spring and summer heat, producing few fruits.
it is a small tree, very pleasant, with rounded crown and beautiful star flowers in late spring, of a pure white color. Loquat produces many flowers, which make it very pleasant even as an ornamental plant; finds place in the garden, in a sunny area; only young specimens need fertilization and watering in the first years of life. Adult plants tend to be satisfied with the water received from the weather and not to require large quantities of mineral salts from the soil. Even the most neglected plants produce many fruits; the fruits are bronze in color, round, as big as a golf ball, and equally compact and hard.