The scientific name of the myrtle plant is Myrtus communis: the genus "myrtus" derives from the Greek word "mэrtos", which recalls "mэros" (perfume), to underline the pleasant fragrance emanating from this genus of plant; the attribute "communis" (common) serves instead to remember how widespread it is. It is a small evergreen shrub, with a bark that goes from shades of red to shades of gray, depending on the state of development of the plant. It has long oval leaves, a particularly dark green and free of hair; the flowers are solitary, pink or white, with an intense perfume and a radial shape, which shows the set of stamens. Finally, the fruits are reddish, white or purplish berries, which represent an added value to the originality of the plant.
Cultivation and watering techniques
Myrtle is by no means a difficult species to grow, if you pay attention to a few simple precautions. It is a plant suitable for temperate, if not even arid climates, but despite this it can resist the rigors of winter colds, if sheltered from the weather: therefore, do not worry about direct exposure to sunlight, it can bear the scorching sun , as well as the half shade. The ideal soil is arid and stony, with neutral or acid pH, while it does not have an easy life in soils rich in limestone and which are not drained. Despite being a species accustomed to arid climates, it needs regular watering (every ten days), particularly during the summer. Poor watering can adversely affect the quality of its berries.